- Banking crises in the North: a comparative analysis of Finland and Sweden
- Book title
- State and financial systems in Europe and the USA: historical perspectives on regulation and supervision in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries
- Pages (from-to)
- Farnham: Ashgate
- Studies in banking and financial history
- Document type
- Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB)
- Amsterdam Business School Research Institute (ABS-RI)
Finland and Sweden both experienced financial crises in the early 1990s. We give a concise description of the crises, including the background, the evolution of the main events, and the government policies to handle the crisis. We discuss the consequences for the real economy, and try to isolate what explained the emergence of the crises and the relatively speedy recoveries. We conclude that the crises were due to a combination of extraordinary shocks and serious mistakes, both in macro policies and in regulatory policies. The crises were preceded by a fundamental financial liberalization in both countries, but this was not sufficient cause for them. The crises exacerbated macro-economic problems primarily through their impacts on borrower balance sheets. However, evidence of a so-called credit crunch remains weak. Crisis management was fast and strong-handed. In both countries, the financial sectors were substantially restructured, and recovered from the crisis relatively quickly.
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