- X-ray variability and evidence for pulsations from the unique radio pulsar/X-ray binary transition object FIRST J102347.6+003841
- Astrophysical Journal
- Volume | Issue number
- 722 | 1
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy (API)
We report on observations of the unusual neutron-star binary system FIRST J102347.6+003841 carried out using the XMM-Newton satellite. This system consists of a radio millisecond pulsar (PSR J1023+0038) in a 0.198 day orbit with a ~0.2 M sun Roche-lobe-filling companion and appears to have had an accretion disk in 2001. We observe a hard power-law spectrum (Γ = 1.26(4)) with a possible thermal component, and orbital variability in X-ray flux and possibly hardness of the X-rays. We also detect probable pulsations at the pulsar period (single-trial significance ~4.5σ from an 11(2)% modulation), which would make this the first system in which both orbital and rotational X-ray pulsations are detected. We interpret the emission as a combination of X-rays from the pulsar itself and from a shock where material overflowing the companion meets the pulsar wind. The similarity of this X-ray emission to that seen from other millisecond pulsar binary systems, in particular 47 Tuc W (PSR J0024 - 7204W) and PSR J1740 - 5340, suggests that they may also undergo disk episodes similar to that seen in J1023 in 2001.
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- ID: 530
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