- Simplified modelling of a thermal bath, with application to a fluid vortex system
- Multiscale Modeling & Simulation
- Volume | Issue number
- 8 | 5
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Korteweg-de Vries Institute for Mathematics (KdVI)
Based on the thermodynamic concept of a reservoir, we investigate a computational model for interaction with unresolved degrees of freedom (a thermal bath). We assume that a finite restricted system can be modelled by a generalized canonical ensemble, described by a density which is a smooth function of the energy of the restricted system. A thermostat is constructed to continuously perturb the resolved dynamics, while leaving the desired equilibrium distribution invariant. We build on a thermostatting framework developed and tested in the setting of molecular dynamics, using stochastic perturbations to control (and stabilize) the invariant measure. We also apply these techniques in the setting of a simplified point vortex flow on a disc, in which a modified Gibbs distribution (modelling a finite, rather than infinite, bath of weak vortices) provides a regularizing formulation for restricted system dynamics. Numerical experiments, effectively replacing many vortices by a few artificial degrees of freedom, are in excellent agreement with the two-scale simulations of Bühler [Phys. Fluids, 14 (2002), pp. 2139-2149].
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