- Potential treatment mechanisms of counseling for children in Burundi: a series of n = 1 studies
- American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
- Volume | Issue number
- 82 | 3
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Research Institute of Child Development and Education (RICDE)
Little is known about the impact and treatment processes of psychosocial counseling in low-income countries. This study aimed to generate hypotheses on key working mechanisms of counseling in Burundi. The authors carried out 11 empirically grounded n = 1 studies with children (11-14 years) screened for depression and anxiety who received counseling. The authors used quantitative (symptom scales) and qualitative instruments (treatment content and perceptions). Weekly measurements were taken preintervention (4 time points), during the intervention period (8-10 time points), and postintervention (4 time points). Five treatment mechanisms continua appeared associated with outcome trajectories: client centeredness, therapeutic alliance, active problem solving, trauma-focused exposure, and family involvement. Higher levels appeared associated with better outcomes. Contrarily, cases that demonstrated no change were characterized by a heavy focus on counselors’ norms, containment and self-control, unstructured retelling and explicit avoidance, advice-oriented problem solving, and noninclusion of family members, respectively. The authors found a distinct clustering of outcome trends per therapist. The findings suggest that integrative counseling, which combines universal therapist variables with active use of specific therapeutic techniques and a systemic perspective, may be an adequate strategy to treat mental health symptoms of children in Burundi.
- go to publisher's site
If you believe that digital publication of certain material infringes any of your rights or (privacy) interests, please let the Library know, stating your reasons. In case of a legitimate complaint, the Library will make the material inaccessible and/or remove it from the website. Please Ask the Library, or send a letter to: Library of the University of Amsterdam, Secretariat, Singel 425, 1012 WP Amsterdam, The Netherlands. You will be contacted as soon as possible.