- Endocrine pulse identification using penalized methods and a minimum set of assumptions
- American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
- Volume | Issue number
- 298 | 2
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences (SILS)
The detection of hormone secretion episodes is important for understanding normal and abnormal endocrine functioning, but pulse identification from hormones measured with short interval sampling is challenging. Furthermore, to obtain useable results, the model underlying hormone secretion and clearance must be augmented with restrictions based on biologically acceptable assumptions. Here, using the assumption that there are only a few time points at which a hormone is secreted, we used a modern penalized nonlinear least-squares setup to select the number of secretion events. We did not assume a particular shape or frequency distribution for the secretion pulses. Our pulse identfication method, VisPulse, worked well with luteinizing hormone (LH), cortisol, growth hormone, or testosterone. In particular, applying our modeling strategy to previous LH data revealed a good correlation between the modeled and measured LH hormone concentrations, the estimated secretion pattern was sparse, and the small and structureless residuals indicated a proper model with a good fit. We benchmarked our method to AutoDecon, a commonly used hormone secretion model, and performed releasing hormone infusion experiments. The results of these experiments confirmed that our method is accurate and outperforms AutoDecon, especially for detecting silent periods and small secretion events, suggesting a high-secretion event resolution. Method validation using (releasing hormone) infusion data revealed sensitivities and selectivities of 0.88 and 0.95 and of 0.69 and 0.91 for VisPulse and AutoDecon, respectively.
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