- Biscarbene palladium(II) complexes. Reactivity of saturated versus unsaturated N-heterocyclic carbenes
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Volume | Issue number
- 49 | 6
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences (HIMS)
A series of designed palladium biscarbene complexes including saturated and unsaturated N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) moieties have been prepared by the carbene transfer methods. All of these complexes have been characterized by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy as well as X-ray diffraction analysis. The reactivity of Pd−C(saturated NHC) is distinct from that of Pd−C(unsaturated NHC). The Pd−C(saturated NHC) bonds are fairly stable toward reagents such as CF3COOH, AgBF4 and I2, whereas Pd−C(unsaturated NHC) bonds are readily cleaved under the similar conditions. Notably, the catalytically activity of these palladium complexes on Suzuki−Miyaura coupling follows the order: (sat-NHC)2PdCl2 > (sat-NHC)(unsat-NHC)PdCl2 > (unsat-NHC)2PdCl2.
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