- Early activation of the beta-catenin pathway in osteocytes is mediated by nitric oxide, phosphatidyl inositol-3 kinase/Akt, and focal adhesion kinase
- Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
- Volume | Issue number
- 391 | 1
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Dentistry (ACTA)
Bone mechanotransduction is vital for skeletal integrity. Osteocytes are thought to be the cellular structures that sense physical forces and transform these signals into a biological response. The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway has been identified as one of the signaling pathways that is activated in response to mechanical loading, but the molecular events that lead to an activation of this pathway in osteocytes are not well understood. We assessed whether nitric oxide, focal adhesion kinase, and/or the phosphatidyl inositol-3 kinase/Akt signaling pathway mediate loading-induced β-catenin pathway activation in MLO-Y4 osteocytes. We found that mechanical stimulation by pulsating fluid flow (PFF, 0.7 ± 0.3 Pa, 5 Hz) for 30 min induced β-catenin stabilization and activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. The PFF-induced stabilization of β-catenin and activation of the β-catenin signaling pathway was abolished by adding focal kinase inhibitor FAK inhibitor-14 (50 μM), or phosphatidyl inositol-3 kinase inhibitor LY-294002 (50 μM). Addition of nitric oxide synthase inhibitor l-NAME (1.0 mM) also abolished PFF-induced stabilization of β-catenin. This suggests that mechanical loading activates the β-catenin signaling pathway by a mechanism involving nitric oxide, focal adhesion kinase, and the Akt signaling pathway. These data provide a framework for understanding the role of β-catenin in mechanical adaptation of bone.
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