- High-efficiency liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry separations with 50 mm, 250 mm, and 1 m long polymer-based monolithic capillary columns for the characterization of complex proteolytic digests
- Journal of Chromatography A
- Volume | Issue number
- 1217 | 43
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences (HIMS)
In this study, high-efficiency LC-MS/MS separations of complex proteolytic digests are demonstrated using 50 mm, 250 mm, and 1 m long poly(styrene-co-divinylbenzene) monolithic capillary columns. The chromatographic performance of the 50 and 250 mm monoliths was compared at the same gradient steepness for gradient durations between 5 and 150 min. The maximum peak capacity of 400 obtained with a 50 mm column, increased to 485 when using the 250 mm long column and scaling the gradient duration according column length. With a 5-fold increase in column length only a 20% increase in peak capacity was observed, which could be explained by the larger macropore size of the 250 mm long monolith. When taking into account the total analysis time, including the dwell time, gradient time and column equilibration time, the 50 mm long monolith yielded better peptide separations than the 250 mm long monolithic column for gradient times below 80 min (nc = 370). For more demanding separation the 250 mm long monolith provided the highest peak production rate and consequently higher sequence coverage. For the analysis of a proteolytic digest of Escherichia coli proteins a monolithic capillary column of 1 m in length was used, yielding a peak capacity of 1038 when applying a 600 min gradient.
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