The European Congress of Mathematics, held every four years, has established itself as a major international mathematical
event. Following those in Paris (1992), Budapest (1996), Barcelona (2000) and Stockholm (2004), the Fifth European Congress
of Mathematics (5ECM) took place in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, July 14-18, 2008, with about 1000 participants from 68 different
Ten plenary and thirty-three invited lectures were delivered. Three science lectures outlined applications
of mathematics in other sciences: climate change, quantum information theory and population dynamics. As in the four preceding
EMS congresses, ten EMS prizes were granted to very promising young mathematicians. In addition, the Felix Klein Prize was
awarded, for the second time, for an application of mathematics to a concrete and difficult industrial problem. There were
twenty-two minisymposia, spread over the whole mathematical area. Two round table meetings were organized: one on industrial
mathematics and one on mathematics and developing countries.
As part of the 44th Nederlands Mathematisch Congres, which
was embedded in 5ECM, the so-called Brouwer lecture was presented. It is the Netherland's most prestigious award in mathematics,
organized every three years by the Royal Dutch Mathematical Society. Information about Brouwer was given in an invited historical
lecture during the congress.
These proceedings contain a selection of the contributions to the congress.