- A 3 ' UTR transition within DEFB1 is associated with chronic and aggressive periodontitis
- Genes and Immunity
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Dentistry (ACTA)
Periodontal diseases are complex inflammatory diseases and affect up to 20% of the worldwide population. An unbalanced reaction of the immune system toward microbial pathogens is considered as the key factor in the development of periodontitis. Defensins have a strong antimicrobial function and are important contributors of the immune system toward maintaining health. Here, we present the first systematic association study of DEFB1. Using a haplotype-tagging single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) approach, including described promoter SNPs of DEFB1, we investigated the associations of the selected variants in a large population (N=1337 cases and 2887 ethnically matched controls). The 3′ untranslated region SNP, rs1047031, showed the most significant association signal for homozygous carriers of the rare A allele (P=0.002) with an increased genetic risk of 1.3 (95% confidence interval: 1.11-1.57). The association was consistent with the specific periodontitis forms: chronic periodontitis (odds ratio=2.2 (95% confidence interval: 1.16-4.35), P=0.02), and aggressive periodontitis (odds ratio=1.3 (95% confidence interval 1.04-1.68), P=0.02). Sequencing of regulatory and exonic regions of DEFB1 identified no other associated variant, pointing toward rs1047031 as likely being the causative variant. Prediction of microRNA targets identified a potential microRNA-binding site at the position of rs1047031.
- go to publisher's site
If you believe that digital publication of certain material infringes any of your rights or (privacy) interests, please let the Library know, stating your reasons. In case of a legitimate complaint, the Library will make the material inaccessible and/or remove it from the website. Please Ask the Library, or send a letter to: Library of the University of Amsterdam, Secretariat, Singel 425, 1012 WP Amsterdam, The Netherlands. You will be contacted as soon as possible.