E. ter Bals
J.M. ten Berg
- Immediate versus deferred coronary angioplasty in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes
- Volume | Issue number
- 95 | 10
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Medicine (AMC-UvA)
BACKGROUND: The field of acute coronary syndromes is characterised by an increasing tendency towards early invasive catheter-based diagnostics and therapeutics-a practice based on observational and retrospective data.
OBJECTIVE: To compare immediate versus deferred angioplasty in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS).
METHODS: A randomised, prospective multicentre trial was performed in patients admitted with NSTE-ACS, eligible for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Interim analysis was performed after enrolment of 251 patients; PCI was appropriate in 142 patients. These patients were randomised to immediate PCI (n = 73) or deferred PCI (24-48 h) (n = 69). Patients received protocol-driven glycoprotein IIb/IIIa blockers, aspirin and clopidogrel. The primary end point was a composite of death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) or unplanned revascularisation, at 30 days. After hospital discharge outpatient follow-up was performed at 30 days and 6 months.
RESULTS: The incidence at 30 days of the primary end point was 60% in the group receiving immediate PCI and 39% in the group receiving deferred PCI (relative risk (RR) = 1.5, 95% CI 1.09 to 2.15; p = 0.004). No deaths occurred in either group. MI was significantly more common in the group receiving immediate PCI (60% vs 38%, RR = 1.6, 95% CI 1.12 to 2.28, p = 0.005). Unplanned revascularisation was similar in both groups. The observed difference was preserved over 6-months' follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: Immediate PCI was associated with an increased rate of MI in comparison with a 24-48 h deferred strategy, despite aggressive antithrombotic treatment. The results suggest that PCI for high-risk patients with non-refractory NSTE-ACS should be delayed for at least 24 h after hospital admission.
- go to publisher's site
If you believe that digital publication of certain material infringes any of your rights or (privacy) interests, please let the Library know, stating your reasons. In case of a legitimate complaint, the Library will make the material inaccessible and/or remove it from the website. Please Ask the Library, or send a letter to: Library of the University of Amsterdam, Secretariat, Singel 425, 1012 WP Amsterdam, The Netherlands. You will be contacted as soon as possible.