- High-flux two-dimensional magneto-optical-trap source for cold lithium atoms
- Physical Review A
- Volume | Issue number
- 80 | 1
- Number of pages
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute (WZI)
We demonstrate a two-dimensional magneto-optical trap (2D MOT) as a beam source for cold Li-6 atoms. The source is side loaded from an oven operated at temperatures in the range 600 less than or similar to T less than or similar to 700 K. The performance is analyzed by loading the atoms into a three-dimensional MOT located 220 mm downstream from the source. The maximum recapture rate of similar to 10(9) s(-1) is obtained for T approximate to 700 K and results in a total of up to 10(10) trapped atoms. The recaptured fraction is estimated to be 30 +/- 10% and limited by beam divergence. The most-probable velocity in the beam (alpha(z)) is varied from 18 to 70 m/s by increasing the intensity of a push beam. The source is quite monochromatic with a full width at half maximum velocity spread of 11 m/s at alpha(z) = 36 m/s, demonstrating that side loading completely eliminates beam contamination by hot vapor from the oven. We identify depletion of the low-velocity tail of the oven flux as the limiting loss mechanism. Our approach is suitable for other atomic species.
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