- Bone regeneration during distraction osteogenesis
- Volume | Issue number
- 97 | 2
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Dentistry (ACTA)
Bone has the capacity to regenerate in response to injury. During distraction osteogenesis, the renewal of bone is enhanced by gradual stretching of the soft connec- tive tissues in the gap area between two separated bone segments. This procedure has received much clinical atten- tion as a way to correct congenital growth retardation of bone tissue or to generate bone to fill skeletal defects. The process of bone regeneration involves a complex system of biological changes whereby mechanical stress is converted into a cascade of signals that activate cellular behavior resulting in (enhanced) formation of bone. Over the last decade, significant progress has been made in understand- ing the bone regeneration process during distraction osteo- genesis. The mechanical and biological factors that are important for the success of the distraction treatment have been partially characterized and are discussed in this review.
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