J.C. de Munck
F.H. Lopes da Silva
- Interactions between different EEG frequency bands and their effect on alpha-fMRI correlations
- Volume | Issue number
- 47 | 1
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
Faculty of Medicine (AMC-UvA)
- Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences (SILS)
In EEG/fMRI correlation studies it is common to consider the fMRI BOLD as filtered version of the EEG alpha power. Here the question is addressed whether other EEG frequency components may affect the correlation between alpha and BOLD. This was done comparing the statistical parametric maps (SPMs) of three different filter models wherein either the free or the standard hemodynamic response functions (HRF) were used in combination with the full spectral bandwidth of the EEG.
EEG and fMRI were co-registered in a 30 min resting state condition in 15 healthy young subjects. Power variations in the delta, theta, alpha, beta and gamma bands were extracted from the EEG and used as regressors in a general linear model. Statistical parametric maps (SPMs) were computed using three different filter models, wherein either the free or the standard hemodynamic response functions (HRF) were used in combination with the full spectral bandwidth of the EEG.
Results show that the SPMs of different EEG frequency bands, when significant, are very similar to that of the alpha rhythm. This is true in particular for the beta band, despite the fact that the alpha harmonics were discarded. It is shown that inclusion of EEG frequency bands as confounder in the fMRI-alpha correlation model has a large effect on the resulting SPM, in particular when for each frequency band the HRF is extracted from the data.
We conclude that power fluctuations of different EEG frequency bands are mutually highly correlated, and that a multi frequency model is required to extract the SPM of the frequency of interest from EEG/fMRI data. When no constraints are put on the shapes of the HRFs of the nuisance frequencies, the correlation model looses so much statistical power that no correlations can be detected.
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