P. da Franca
- A role for alpha 11 beta 1 integrin in the human periodontal ligament
- Journal of Dental Research
- Volume | Issue number
- 88 | 7
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Dentistry (ACTA)
We previously demonstrated a role for α11β1 integrin in periodontal ligament (PDL)-driven tooth eruption in the mouse. To explore a possible role for α11β1 in the human periodontium, we have characterized the expression and function of α11 in human PDL tissue, in human PDL fibroblasts (hPDLF), and in human gingival fibroblasts (hGF). α11 expression was detected in PDL tissue, in hPDLF, and in hGF cells. Platelet-derived growth factor-BB and insulin-like growth factor II stimulated contraction of collagen lattices by both types of fibroblasts. α2 integrin blocking antibodies and the use of α11 siRNA demonstrated a role for both α2β1 and α11β1 in collagen lattice remodeling. Analysis of the proximal ITGA11 promoter from persons with chronic periodontal disease failed to reveal any polymorphism. Analysis of our data shows that α11β1 is a major collagen receptor on cultured human PDL cells and implies that it is also functionally important in the PDL in vivo.
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- The final, definitive version of this paper has been published in Journal of Dental Research, 88/7, July 2009 by SAGE Publications Ltd., Inc. All rights reserved. ©
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