- The temporal course of mucoperiosteal flap revascularization at guided bone regeneration treated implant sites: a pilot study
- Journal of Clinical Periodontology
- Volume | Issue number
- 36 | 10
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Dentistry (ACTA)
Aims: To investigate post-operative capillary density regeneration in healing mucoperiosteal flaps at guided bone regeneration-treated implant sites.
Material and Methods: A non-invasive post-operative investigation was performed in 10 patients using orthogonal polarization spectral (OPS) imaging for assessment of capillary density during the course of mucoperiosteal flap wound healing for 6 weeks in patients receiving dental implants.
Results: The greatest increase in capillary regeneration occurred in the early wound-healing phase, during weeks 1 and 2, and recovery to baseline was achieved between weeks 4 and 5. A comparison of adjacent OPS measurements indicated that differences between the time point immediately following administration of local anaesthesia and directly post-operatively ( p=0.002), between a directly post-operative time point and after 1 week (p=0.009), and between post-operative weeks 1 and 2 (p=0.036) were statistically significant.
Conclusions: The early healing phase of mucoperiosteal flaps is characterized by rapid capillary regeneration. OPS imaging enabled the possibility to monitor and quantify the temporal development of mucoperiosteal flap revascularization following periodontal surgery.
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