- INDOLPhosphole and INDOLPhos palladium-allyl complexes in asymmetric allylic alkylations
- Volume | Issue number
- 28 | 9
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences (HIMS)
The new INDOLPhosphole ligands 3a,b are obtained in good yield in a two-step synthetic sequence from 3-methylindole, (S)-BINOL, and the corresponding cyanophosphole. Palladium-allyl complexes have been prepared from INDOLPhosphole (3b) and INDOLPhos (1a) of the type [Pd(INDOLPhos(p-hole))(eta(3)-C3H5)]PF6 and studied by multidimensional NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. The allyl ligand undergoes a eta(3)-eta(1)-eta(3) isomerization in these complexes, which is selective when 1a is the ligand. A tetrameric, boxlike structure, encapsulating a PF6- counteranion, is formed in the solid state in the case of complex 5 ([Pd(3b)(eta(3)-C3H5)]PF6). INDOLPhosphole ligands 3a,b and a small library of INDOLPhos ligands were screened in the Pd-catalyzed asymmetric allylic alkylation of mono- and disubstituted allylic acetates. The catalysts derived from these ligands were highly active, and enantioselectivities were obtained for 1,3-diphenylprop-2-enyl acetate up to 90% ee. Cinnamyl acetate was converted quantitatively with low regioselectivity (b/1 = 14/86) and good enantioselectivity up to 81 % ee. In the case of disubstituted substrates, the absolute configuration of the product could be rationalized by a model of selective attack on one of the enantiotopic termini in the Pd-allyl intermediate.
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