- Neuroticism and locus of control as moderators of the relationships of charismatic and autocratic leadership with burnout.
- Journal of Applied Psychology
- Volume | Issue number
- 94 | 4
- Pages (from-to)
- Number of pages
- Document type
- Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB)
Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Amsterdam Business School Research Institute (ABS-RI)
Psychology Research Institute (PsyRes)
This study examined the moderating role of personality traits in the relationship between leader behavior and burnout. In two samples, employees (N = 91; N = 190) filled out the Maslach Burnout Inventory—General Survey and rated their leader’s autocratic and charismatic leader behavior and their own neuroticism and internal work locus of control. As expected, neuroticism and internal work locus of control moderated the relationship between leader behavior and burnout. Charisma was associated with lower burnout, particularly for individuals low on internal locus. The relationship between autocratic leadership and burnout was positive for neurotic individuals, whereas for emotionally stable individuals this relationship weakened. These results were consistent across two independent samples: one with individual employee ratings of manager’s leadership styles and the other with aggregate ratings of manager’s leadership styles among employees in diverse organizations. Thus, although charismatic and autocratic leader behavior may respectively act to hinder or enhance overload and stress, the relationship between these leadership styles and burnout differs for followers with different traits.
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