A. van Stel
- How does entrepreneurial activity affect the supply of business angels?
- Number of pages
- Zoetermeer: EIM Business and Policy Research
- Scales research reports
- Volume | Edition (Serie)
- Document type
- Working paper
- Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB)
- Amsterdam School of Economics Research Institute (ASE-RI)
This paper examines the prevalence and the determinants of informal entrepreneurial investment activity (i.e. the 3 FFFs -friends, fools and family- and business angels), using a data set of more than 175,000 individuals - including some 4000 informal investors - in a large number of highly developed countries over the period 2002-2004. We distinguish between micro-level and macro-level determinants. The results uncover a positive virtuous circle where the demand for business angel finance tends to generate its own supply as a result of micro and macro factors. Our results also suggest that higher levels of entrepreneurial activity at the country level increase the probability that venture capital and business angel finance work in tandem with one another as complements rather than substitutes. Overall, the results uncover some important new relationships that perhaps provide some good news that market forces to some extent appear to naturally ameliorate equity gaps faced by entrepreneurs.
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