J. van Rooijen
- A revision of the Oligodon taeniatus (Günther, 1861) group (Squamata: Colubridae), with the description of three new species from the Indochinese Region
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
The group of Asian colubrid species morphologically similar to Oligodon taeniatus (Günther, 1861), previously containing only O. taeniatus, Oligodon mouhoti (Günther, 1864) and Oligodon barroni (Smith, 1916), is revised on the basis of variation in external morphology and dentition of 175 specimens. The confused nomenclatural history of O. taeniatus and its name bearing type is discussed. A neotype is described for Simotes quadrilineatus Jan & Sordelli, 1865, a synonym of O. taeniatus. The holotype of Simotes taeniatus var. mouhoti Boulenger, 1914 is identified. Three new species within this group are described. Oligodon pseudotaeniatus spec. nov. is described on the basis of specimens from central Thailand. This species is morphologically similar to Oligodon taeniatus, but differs by the combination of 17 dorsal scale rows at midbody, 8 supralabials, the absence of dark dorsal and tail blotches and the presence of a vertebral stripe edged with black but no dorsolateral stripes. Oligodon deuvei spec. nov. is described on the basis of specimens from southern Vietnam and Laos; it differs from other known species of the group by the combination of 12-15 maxillary teeth, 17 dorsal scale rows at midbody, usually seven supralabials, the absence of dark dorsal and tail blotches and the presence of a broad vertebral stripe, often conspicuously orange or rusty red. This species is most similar to Oligodon barroni but differs from the latter by a higher number of maxillary teeth and the absence of dark dorsal and tail blotches. Lastly, Oligodon moricei spec. nov. is described on the basis of a single specimen from southern Vietnam. It differs from other species by the combination of a broad rusty brown vertebral stripe edged with two broad black stripes, 12 maxillary teeth, 17 dorsal scale rows, a high number of ventral scales, seven supralabials and a dark cloudy or smoky venter. These new species are compared with other species known from the Indo-Chinese Region. The diagnoses of O. taeniatus, O. mouhoti and O. barroni are revised. A key to members of the group is given.
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