- The polyamine spermine regulates osteogenic differentiation in adipose stem cells
- Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
- Volume | Issue number
- 12 | 5A
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Dentistry (ACTA)
For bone tissue engineering, it is important that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiate into osteoblasts. To develop a method for differentiation of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AT-MSCs) along the osteogenic lineage, we studied the effect of polyamines, which are organic cations implicated in bone growth and development, on differentiation of AT-MSCs. Treatment of goatderived AT-MSCs with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin-D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), which stimulates osteogenic differentiation, for 7 days induced gene expression of the polyamine-modulated transcription factor-1 (PMF-1) and spermidine/spermine N (1)-acetyltransferase (SSAT), which are both involved in polyamine metabolism, suggesting that polyamines are involved in osteogenic differentiation of AT-MSCs. Furthermore, treatment of AT-MSCs with the polyamine spermine-regulated gene expression of runx-2, a transcription factor involved in early stages of osteogenic differentiation, and that of osteopontin, a bone matrix protein expressed in later stages of osteogenic differentiation. Runx-2 gene expression was increased 4 and 14 days after a short 30 min. treatment with spermine, while osteopontin gene expression was only increased 4 days after spermine treatment. Finally, alkaline phosphatase activity, which is intimately involved in the formation of extracellular matrix of bone, was increased 4 weeks after the 30 min.-spermine treatment of AT-MSCs. In conclusion, this study shows for the first time that the polyamine spermine regulates differentiation of AT-MSCs along the osteogenic lineage, which can be used as a new method for differentiation of AT-MSCs along the osteogenic lineage. Therefore, polyamines may constitute a promising tool for bone tissue engineering approaches using AT-MSCs, such as a one-step surgical procedure for spinal interbody fusion.
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