Cesta z amnézie? Evropeizace a uznání romské minulosti a přítomnosti
Biograf : casopis nejen pro biografickou a reflexivni sociologii
Faculty of Humanities (FGw)
Amsterdam School for Cultural Analysis (ASCA)
In the course of the last two decades, various Romani activist and advocacy groups have increasingly tried to get recognized
adequately the Romani Holocaust in Europe. However, despite the growing visibility of Romani monuments, exhibitions, commemorations,
films and various testimonies of Romani Holocaust survivors, European audiences are still largely ignorant of the Romani Holocaust,
at times even resistant to its recognition. Partly as a result of the often ineffective attempts for Holocaust recognition
at local and national levels, these Romani groups and associations have lately "Europeanised" their activism and collaborated
with partner and human rights organisations to "scale up" their call for recognition. Simultaneously, European institutions,
those of the European Union in particular, have recently tried to assimilate the call for the recognition of the Romani Holocaust
into their policies toward the Roma and their politics of European integration. This article focuses on the ongoing debate
on the sites of two former Nazi concentration camps for the Roma in the Czech Republic. Both sites are occupied by businesses.
Though Romani activists want to remove them to build decent memorials for an adequate recognition of the Romani Holocaust,
their attempts have so far been unsuccessful. Taking this Czech Romani example, this article considers whether the recent
Europeanisation of Romani activism for Holocaust remembrance could effectively challenge mechanisms that tend to marginalize
European Romani groups and their histories.
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