- Magnetic and electronic Co states in the layered cobaltate GdBaCo2O5.5−x
- Physical Review B
- Volume | Issue number
- 78 | 5
- Pages (from-to)
- Number of pages
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute (WZI)
We have performed nonresonant x-ray diffraction, resonant soft and hard x-ray magnetic diffraction, soft x-ray absorption, and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements to clarify the electronic and magnetic high-spin (HS) state at the states of the Co3+, ions in GdBaCo2O5.5. Our data are consistent with a Co-Py(3+) pyramidal sites and a Co-Oc(3+), low-spin (LS) state at the octahedral sites. The structural distortion with a doubling of the a axis (2a(p)X2a(p)X2a(p) cell) shows alternating elongations and contractions of the pyramids, and indicates that the metal-insulator transition is associated with orbital order in the t(2g) orbitals of the Co-Py(3+) HS state. This distortion corresponds to an alternating ordering of xz and yz orbitals along the a and c axes for the Co-Py(3+). The orbital ordering and pyramidal distortion lead to deformation of the octahedra but the Co-Oc(3+) LS state does not allow an orbital order to occur for the Co-Oc(3+), ions. The soft x-ray magnetic diffraction results indicate that the magnetic moments are aligned in the ab plane but are not parallel to the crystallographic a or b axes. The orbital order and the doubling of the magnetic unit cell along the c axis support a noncollinear magnetic structure. The x-ray magnetic circular dichroism data indicate that there is a large orbital magnetic contribution to the total ordered Co moment.
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