- Exact Haldane mapping for all S and super universality in spin chains
- Europhysics Letters
- Volume | Issue number
- 82 | 4
- Number of pages
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Institute for Theoretical Physics Amsterdam (ITFA)
The low-energy dynamics of the anti-ferromagnetic Heisenberg spin S chain in the semiclassical limit S -> infinity is known to map onto the O(3) nonlinear alpha-model with a theta term in 1 + 1 dimension. Guided by the underlying dual symmetry of the spin chain, as well as by the recently established topological significance of "dangling edge spins", we report an exact mapping onto the O(3) model that avoids the conventional large-S approximation altogether. Our new methodology demonstrates all the super universal features of the theta-angle concept that previously arose in the theory of the quantum Hall effect. It explains why Haldane's original ideas remarkably yield the correct answer in spite of the fundamental complications that generally exist in the idea of semiclassical expansions.
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