- Structures of mono-unsaturated triacylglycerols. III. The β-2 polymorphs of trans-mono-unsaturated triacylglycerols and related fully saturated triacylglycerols
- Acta Crystallographica. Section B-Structural Science
- Volume | Issue number
- B64 | 2
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences (HIMS)
The β-2 crystal structures of a series of saturated and trans-mono-unsaturated triacylglycerols (TAGs) have been solved from high-resolution powder synchrotron diffraction data. The series comprises symmetric as well as asymmetric even-numbered TAGs and the trans-mono-unsaturated ones all have a single elaidoyl chain. The structures have been solved with the direct-space parallel-tempering program FOX and refined with the Rietveld program GSAS. The β-2 structures all crystallized in the space group P\bar 1 with the same molecular conformation. Within the resolution of the data no significant difference in packing or conformation is observed between trans-mono-unsaturated TAGs and saturated (stearoyl or palmitoyl) chain-containing analogues, in spite of the lower melting points of the former. An analysis of the position of the stepped methyl end-plane in the various subgroups of TAGs confirms most but not all suppositions found in the literature.
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