- Structures of mono-unsaturated triacylglycerols. IV. The highest melting β'-2 polymorphs of trans-mono-unsaturated triacylglycerols and related saturated TAGs and their polymorphic stability
- Acta Crystallographica. Section B-Structural Science
- Volume | Issue number
- B64 | 2
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences (HIMS)
The β1'-2 crystal structures of a series of mixed-chain saturated and trans-mono-unsaturated triacylglycerols containing palmitoyl, stearoyl and elaidoyl acyl chains have been solved from high-resolution powder diffraction data, from synchrotron as well as laboratory X-ray sources. The structures crystallized in the space group I2 with two independent molecules forming a dimer in the asymmetric unit, and packed in double-chain length layers. Unlike the corresponding β-2 structures the solved β1'-2 structures have different molecular conformations for the symmetric and the asymmetric mixed triacylglycerols, both with the sn-2 chain in a leg position of the chair-shaped conformation. A transformation to the β-2 structure with the sn-2 chain in the back position is complicated and unlikely to take place in the solid state. A novel β'-2 polymorph of PSS has been crystallized and its structure has been solved. The melting point (239 K) of this so-called β0'-2 polymorph is 2 K above that of the β-2 polymorph and almost equal to that of the β-2 polymorph of PSS. The difference in packing of the β0'-2-versus β1'-2 structure explains the slow β1'-2 to β0'-2 phase transition. The transition is strikingly similar to the β2-3 to β1-3 transition in cis-mono-unsaturated triacylglycerols.
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