- The nonlinear dynamic relationship of exchange rates: parametric and nonparametric causality testing
- Journal of Macroeconomics
- Volume | Issue number
- 30 | 4
- Number of pages
- Document type
- Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB)
- Amsterdam School of Economics Research Institute (ASE-RI)
The present study investigates the linear and nonlinear causal linkages among six currencies denoted relative to United States dollar (USD), namely Euro (EUR), Great Britain Pound (GBP), Japanese Yen (JPY), Swiss Frank (CHF), Australian Dollar (AUD) and Canadian Dollar (CAD). The data spans two periods between 3/20/1991 and 3/20/2007. We apply a new nonparametric test for Granger non-causality by Diks and Panchenko [Diks, C., Panchenko, V., 2005. A note on the Hiemstra-Jones test for Granger noncausality. Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics and Econometrics 9 (art. 4); Diks, C., Panchenko, V., 2006. A new statistic and practical guidelines for nonparametric Granger causality testing. Journal of Economic Dynamics & Control 30, 1647-1669] and the linear Granger test on the return time series. To detect strictly nonlinear causality, we examine the pairwise VAR-filtered residuals as well as in a six-variate formulation. We find remaining significant bi- and uni-directional causal nonlinear relationships in the series. Finally, we investigate causality after controlling for conditional heteroskedasticity using a GARCH-BEKK model. Whilst the nonparametric test statistics are smaller in some cases, significant nonlinear causal linkages persisted even after GARCH filtering during both periods. This indicates that currency returns may exhibit asymmetries and statistically significant higher-order moments.
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