C.K.W. de Dreu
- Are individualistic orientations collectively valuable in group negotiation?
- Group Processes & Intergroup Relations
- Volume | Issue number
- 11 | 3
- Number of pages
- Document type
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Psychology Research Institute (PsyRes)
This experiment examines how members’ individualistic or cooperative motivational
orientations affect the processes and outcomes of negotiating groups. A total of 228 students participated in a three-person negotiation simulation where motivational orientations were induced through written instructions and members were aware of each other’s orientations. Results showed that groups with only cooperative members were more satisfi ed with their negotiations than were groups with other member compositions. Conversely, groups with only individualistic members achieved higher joint gains than did groups with other member compositions. Process analyses indicated that individualistic groups increased their integrative activities and decreased their distributive activities toward the end of their negotiations. Our results challenge the dominant view that individualistic orientations are detrimental for group processes and outcomes.
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