- Spatial orientation in bone samples and Young's modulus
- Journal of Biomechanics
- Volume | Issue number
- 41 | 10
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Dentistry (ACTA)
Faculty of Medicine (AMC-UvA)
Bone mass is the most important determinant of the mechanical strength of bones, and spatial structure is the second. In general, the
spatial structure and mechanical properties of bones such as the breaking strength are direction dependent. The mean intercept length
(MIL) and line frequency deviation (LFD) are two methods for quantifying directional aspects of the spatial structure of bone. Young’s
modulus is commonly used to describe the stiffness of bone, which is also a direction-dependent mechanical property. The aim of this
article is to investigate the relation between MIL and LFD on one hand and Young’s modulus on the other.
From 11 human mandibular condyles, 44 samples were taken and scanned with high-resolution computer tomography equipment
(micro-CT). For each sample the MIL and LFD were determined in 72 602 directions distributed evenly in 3D space. In the same
directions Young’s modulus was determined by means of the stiffness tensor that had been determined for each sample by finite element
analysis. To investigate the relation between the MIL and LFD on one hand and Young’s modulus on the other, multiple regression was
On average the MIL accounted for 69% of the variance in Young’s modulus in the 44 samples and the LFD accounted for 72%. The
average percentage of variance accounted for increased to 80% when the MIL was combined with the LFD to predict Young’s modulus.
Obviously MIL and LFD to some extent are complementary with respect to predicting Young’s modulus. It is known that directional
plots of the MIL tend to be ellipses or ellipsoids. It is speculated that ellipsoids are not always sufficient to describe Young’s modulus of a
bone sample and that the LFD partly compensates for this.
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