- How many hours do you usually work? An analysis of the working hours questions in 26 large-scale surveys in six countries and the European Union
- Time & Society
- Volume | Issue number
- 16 | 1
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB)
Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Amsterdam School of Economics Research Institute (ASE-RI)
Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research (AISSR)
This article reviews how working hours are asked for in 26 large-scale surveys in six countries plus the European Union. Four dimensions of working time were investigated, notably number of working hours, timing of work, predictability and control over hours, and commuting time. Although almost all questionnaires ask for hours worked, the terminology varies greatly. In only half of the cases a reference period is taken into account and in half the reasons for working more/less in the survey week than usual are asked for. Contractual hours are hardly asked for and so are paid and unpaid
overtime hours. The timing of work is asked for in a minority of the questionnaires, and predictability and control over working hours is also not a major issue. The incidence of an on-call contract is the
most likely proxy for predictability.
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