 Author
 Title
 Cold electroweak baryogenesis and quantum cosmological correlations
 Supervisors
 Award date
 7 May 2008
 Number of pages
 171
 Document type
 PhD thesis
 Faculty
 Faculty of Science (FNWI)
 Institute
 Institute for Theoretical Physics Amsterdam (ITFA)
 Abstract

This thesis describes two subjects from theoretical cosmology. The
first concerns the creation of the matterantimatter asymmetry,
which is generally assumed to be created in the early universe by a
process called baryogenesis. The details of this process are yet
unknown and there exist many models of baryogenesis in the literature.
I study a specific model: "Cold Electroweak Baryogenesis". In
particular I study the mechanism of the creation of particles in this
model, and I estimate the size of the created asymmetry in this
model. The result is that this specific model is unlikely to be able
to produce a large enough asymmetry.
The second subject deals with cosmological density fluctuations, which
are observed in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB)
radiation. According to the widely accepted inflationary paradigm,
these density fluctuations are caused by quantum fluctuations during
an early period in which the universe has expanded in an accelerated
way. This period is called inflation and its underlying physics is
still largely unclear. There is a plethora of models for inflation
that predict characteristics of the fluctuations ("Quantum
Cosmological Correlations") that are in agreement with the current
observations. However it is possible that more precise future
observations will enable us to differentiate between different models
of inflation. It is therefore important to calculate the
characteristics of the fluctuations to high precision. In general
these calculations are very complicated, and one often uses the
simplifying assumption that the evolution of the fluctuations in a
certain regime can be described by classical physics. In this thesis I
check this assumption by applying a classical approximation to the
calculation in quantum field theory. The result is that this
assumption is valid, although it is a little bit less good than was
expected.  Note
 Research conducted at: Universiteit van Amsterdam
 Permalink
 http://hdl.handle.net/11245/1.279617
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Thesis

Cover

Titlepage

Publications

Contents

Part I: Cold electroweak baryogenesis. Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: Standard model

Chapter 3: ChernSimons and winding number in Cold Electroweak Baryogenesis

Chapter 4: CP violation

Chapter 5: Conclusions

Part II: Quantum cosmological correlations. Chapter 6: Introduction

Chapter 7: Classical approximation to quantum cosmological correlations

Chapter 8: Conclusions

Appendix A: Conventions

Appendix B: Free scalar field on a de Sitter background

Appendix C: Amputated diagrams with no external dashed lines

Appendix D: Correspondence between diagrams in quantum and classical theory

Appendix E: One loop correction to two point function

Bibliography

Summary

Samenvatting

Dankwoord

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