M.G.A. Smit van Dixhoorn
M. de Haan
T. van der Hoeven
- Gene expression profiling of suppressor mechanisms in tuberculosis
- Molecular Immunology
- Volume | Issue number
- 45 | 6
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences (SILS)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) infects 8 million and kills 2.2 million people each year worldwide. M.tb modulates the immune response of the infected individual. Empirically, suppressor carbohydrates (SC) produced by CD8+ T cells in response to M.tb were found to induce a T helper 2 response rather than a protective T helper 1 response in human mononuclear (MN) cells. This study (1) identifies the genes that modulate the T helper response, (2) describes their function, and (3) postulates a detailed model for the M.tb infection mechanism.
MN cells from five healthy donors were pulsed with SC and gene expression profiles of 18,861 genes were assessed in a micro-array experiment. Twenty-eight genes were found to be increased and 60 genes were decreased (FDR = 1%, fold change > 1.4) in response to SC.
MIP3alpha and platelet factor 4 (v1) are both significantly enriched (p =< 0.001) in the GO category "chemokine activity". Repressed genes were significantly (p =< 0.001) over-represented in the GO terms "response to pathogenic bacteria", "inflammatory response", "coagulation" and "apoptosis". Indeed, SC significantly reduced numbers of Annexin V/CD4+ cells, while inducing hypoproliferation in CD4+ and non-adherent lymphocytes. This may indicate that M.tb renders a portion of the CD4+ T cell population unresponsive. Furthermore, validating QRT-PCR analysis suggests that monocytes provide an immuno-modulatory signal to CD4+ T cells in M.tb infection. These observations will allow development of new therapeutic interventions to restore the desired T helper 1 response.
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