- Population developmental stage determines the recovery potential of Daphnia magna populations after fenvalerate application.
- Environmental Science and Technology
- Volume | Issue number
- 40 | 19
- Pages (from-to)
- Number of pages
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED)
This study investigated the responses of Daphnia magna populations to pulsed exposures of the pyrethroid insecticide Fenvalerate applied during an early and a late stage of population development, and analyzed the dynamics of the subsequent recovery. A novel digital observation technique was used to describe the size and numbers of animals. High Fenvalerate concentrations caused high mortality rates during exponential population growth as well as during the food-limited stationary phase. However, recovery of populations took considerably longer in the stationary phase than in populations growing exponentially. The poor nutritional and reproductive state of food-deprived adults was indicated as the main cause of the slow recovery of populations. It is argued that populations operating at the carrying capacity of their environment are vulnerable to toxicant-induced disturbances to an extent not predictable from observations on exponentially growing populations such as are commonly used in ecotoxicology.
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