M.J. Teixeira De Mattos
- Regulation of transcription by Saccharomyces cerevisiae 14-3-3 proteins.
- Biochemical Journal
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- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences (SILS)
14-3-3 proteins form a family of highly conserved eukaryotic proteins involved in a wide variety of cellular processes, including signalling, apoptosis, cell-cycle control and transcriptional regulation. More than 150 binding partners have been found for these proteins. The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has two genes encoding 14-3-3 proteins, BMH1 and BMH2. A bmh1 bmh2 double mutant is unviable in most laboratory strains. Previously, we constructed a temperature-sensitive bmh2 mutant and showed that mutations in RTG3 and SIN4, both encoding transcriptional regulators, can suppress the temperature-sensitive phenotype of this
mutant, suggesting an inhibitory role of the 14-3-3 proteins in Rtg3-dependent transcription [van Heusden and Steensma (2001) Yeast 18, 1479¿1491]. In the present paper, we report a genomewide transcription analysis of a temperature-sensitive bmh2 mutant. Steady-statemRNAlevels of 60 open reading frameswere increased more than 2.0-fold in the bmh2 mutant, whereas those of 78 open reading frames were decreased more than 2.0-fold. In
agreement with our genetic experiments, six genes known to be regulated by Rtg3 showed elevated mRNA levels in the mutant.
In addition, several genes with other cellular functions, including those involved in gluconeogenesis, ergosterol biosynthesis and stress response, had altered mRNA levels in the mutant. Our data show that the yeast 14-3-3 proteins negatively regulate Rtg3- dependent transcription, stimulate the transcription of genes involved in ergosterol metabolism and in stress response and are involved in transcription regulation of multiple other genes.
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