- Sponge interactions with spatial competitors in the Spermonde Archipelago
- Bolletino di Museo e Istituto di Biologia dell'Universita di Genova
- Pages (from-to)
- Number of pages
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED)
This study describes the in situ effects of four bioactive sponges on their neighbours at three different locations and two depths in the Spermonde Archipelago, SW Sulawesi,
Indonesia. The natural rates of interaction between the sponge species and eight possible
competitive invertebrate groups were defined and quantified in circular subplots, this was
repeated 25x for each of the four species and for each location and depth. Most interactions occurred with other sponges and with corals. Coral overgrowth by the four target species caused necrosis in more than 85 % of these interactions, whereas this was less than 25 % in sponge overgrowths. These results suggest that the toxins are used in spatial competition and that the concentrations of the bioactive compounds of the target species differ both intra-individually and intra-specifically.
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