- A Physical Basis for Color Constancy
- Book/source title
- First European Conference on Colour in Graphics, Imaging, and Vision
- Pages (from-to)
- Springfield, USA: Society for Imaging Science and Technology
- Document type
- Conference contribution
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Informatics Institute (IVI)
A fundamental problem in psycophysical experiments is that significant conclusions are hard to draw due to the complex experimental environment necessary to examine color constancy. An alternative approach to reveal the mechanisms involved in color constancy is by modeling the physical basis for color constancy rather than a psychophysical one.
By considering spatial and spectral derivatives of the Lambertian image formation model, object reflectance properties are derived independent of the spectral energy distributions of the illuminant. Gaussian spectral and spatial probes are used to estimate the proposed differential invariant. Knowledge about the spectral power distribution of the illuminant is not required for the proposed invariant.
The physical approach to color constancy offered in the paper confirms relational color constancy as a first step in color constant vision systems. Hence, low-level mechanisms as color constant edge detection reported here may play an important role in front-end vision. The research presented raises the question whether the illuminant is estimated at all in pre-attentive vision.
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