- Analysis of triglyceride degradation products in drying oils and oil paints using LC–ESI-MS
- International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Humanities (FGw)
Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Amsterdam School for Heritage and Memory Studies (AHM)
Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences (HIMS)
An LC–ESI-MS method is presented as a novel approach for the study of aged drying oils and oil paints invarious stages of oxidation and hydrolysis. The method involves separation and detection of glyceridesand fatty acids on a reversed phase column using a polar gradient ranging from methanol/water tomethanol/isopropanol with post-column addition of NH4Ac to facilitate electrospray ionisation. Thissetup allows for a reasonable separation of non-polar triglycerides in drying oil as well as very polaroxidised and hydrolysed tri, di and monoglycerides as well as free fatty acids. Detection is performed byusing both positive and negative ionisation mode: positive ions for glycerides, negative ions for carboxylicacid containing degradation products and free fatty acids.In this way, distinction can be made between components in oil and metal stearate mixtures by inde-pendently probing the palmitic acid/stearic acid (P/S) ratios of the free fatty acids which mostly derivefrom the metal stearates, and the glycerides which derive only from the drying oil components.Analyses of 10 year-old titanium white oil paints with medium exudations and 62 year-old paints fromWinsor&Newton are presented as examples to show the applicability of the method.
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