In this dissertation we have questioned the current research practices in psychological science and thereby contributed to
the current discussion about the credibility of psychological research. We specially focused on the problems with the reporting
of statistical results and showed that reporting errors are rather common in the psychological literature and related to other
questionable research practices (QRPs) like not sharing the data with other researchers. Moreover, we investigated the consequences
of applying several commonly used QRPs. The use of QRPs, like the ad hoc exclusion of outliers to obtain a significant result,
will increase the probability of publishing false positive results, will result in biased effect size estimates, and will
distorted meta-analytical results. Furthermore, we investigated the power paradox, or the question of why the psychological
literature contains so many significant results based on underpowered studies. We showed that the running of multiple underpowered
studies with a small sample size combined with the use of QRPs represents the "optimal" strategy for a researcher if his or
her goal is to find a significant p value in the hypothesized direction. However, for science this strategy is disastrous.
Another reason for the power paradox might be the flawed intuitions about power of many researchers. Specifically, we showed
that researchers strongly overestimated the power of typical studies in their work. We also discuss the current directions
and initiatives that are already improving or will hopefully improve research practices in psychological science in the future.
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