E. van Werkhoven
- Quantification of patient-reported outcome measures of radiation-induced skin reactions for use in clinical trial design
- Supportive Care in Cancer
- Volume | Issue number
- 25 | 1
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Psychology Research Institute (PsyRes)
Skin toxicity is a common effect from radiotherapy, although difficult to predict on an individual basis, and there is little evidence-based management. This study aimed to quantify inter-patient variation in patient-reported outcome measures for radiation-induced skin reactions (RISR) to enable the determination of the number of patients required for adequate power in a comparative trial of RISR management strategies.
The study included 154 patients scheduled to receive breast cancer radiotherapy. Patients filled in a weekly questionnaire during and up to 4 weeks following the end of radiotherapy scoring five aspects of their experience of RISR: skin redness, and bother from redness like itching, burning sensation and tenderness/pain.
Assessment of patients’ reported experience of their RISR was shown to be feasible, with 91 % of patients returning at least two questionnaires. The mean score increase between weeks 1 and 4 was 25 points (p value <0.0001, 95 % CI 21–29), and the estimated standard deviation at 4 weeks was 18 (95 % CI 16–21).
Patients’ assessment of their reaction was not predicted on the basis of treatment and patient-related characteristics. Based on the observed variance in scores at 4 weeks, we could calculate the sample size required for a comparative study of two RISR management policies would be 200 patients to have statistical power to detect a clinically significant difference in patient-rated scores of their skin reactions. A trial employing this tool would help provide an evidence base to guide policy in advising patients how to manage their RISR.
- go to publisher's site
- With supplementary material.
If you believe that digital publication of certain material infringes any of your rights or (privacy) interests, please let the Library know, stating your reasons. In case of a legitimate complaint, the Library will make the material inaccessible and/or remove it from the website. Please Ask the Library, or send a letter to: Library of the University of Amsterdam, Secretariat, Singel 425, 1012 WP Amsterdam, The Netherlands. You will be contacted as soon as possible.