M.S. van Noorden
- Concordance between self-reported and observer-rated anxiety severity in outpatients with anxiety disorders
- The Leiden routine outcome monitoring study
- Psychology and Psychotherapy
- Volume | Issue number
- 90 | 4
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Research Institute of Child Development and Education (RICDE)
OBJECTIVES: Anxiety severity measures can be self-report or observer-rated. Although mostly these measures concur, they can diverge markedly. We examined concordance between two anxiety scales: the observer-rated Brief Anxiety Scale (BAS) and the self-report Brief Symptom Inventory 12-item version (BSI-12), and described associations between patient characteristics and discordance.
DESIGN: The study used an observational design, using prospective data from 2,007 outpatients with DSM-IV-TR panic disorder with or without agoraphobia, agoraphobia without panic, social phobia, and/or generalized anxiety disorder.
METHODS: Overall agreement was described using Pearson's product-moment correlation coefficient. Associations between patient characteristics and discordance (defined as |Z-BAS-Z-BSI-12| ≥ 1) were evaluated with univariable and multivariable multinomial logistic regression analyses.
RESULTS: Overall correlation between BAS and BSI-12 was positive and strong (r = .59). Discordance occurred in 24.8% of patients ([Z-BAS ≥ Z-BSI-12 + 1] = 12.2%; [Z-BAS ≤ Z-BSI-12 - 1] = 12.6%). Patients with higher observed than self-reported anxiety severity did not differ from concordant patients. Patients with lower observed than self-reported anxiety severity more often had panic disorder, less often had social phobia, and had higher scores on cluster B and C personality characteristics than concordant patients. Lower observed than self-reported anxiety severity was best predicted by panic disorder, social phobia, and affective lability.
CONCLUSIONS: Results demonstrate that the use of a single source of information gives a one-sided view of pathology. A multimethod approach is highly preferable, as this allows for assessment across different domains and through multiple sources of information, and as such, provides clinicians with vital information.
PRACTITIONER POINTS: When assessing anxiety severity, the use of self-report measures provides additional information to observer-rated measures. In patients who have strong cluster B and C personality traits, anxiety severity might be overlooked, even by trained observers. The use of a multimethod assessment strategy is preferable in anxiety severity assessment.
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- © 2017 The British Psychological Society.
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