- A reproducible microcosm biofilm model of subgingival microbial communities
- Journal of Periodontal Research
- Volume | Issue number
- 52 | 6
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Dentistry (ACTA)
Objective: To develop a reproducible subgingival microcosm biofilm model. Material and Methods: Subgingival plaque samples were collected from four deep pockets (probing pocket depth ≥6 mm) in each of seven patients with periodontitis and from shallow pockets (probing pocket depth ≤3 mm) in two periodontally healthy donors. An active attachment model and a peptone medium (Thompson et. al., Appl Environ Microbiol 2015;81:8307–8314) supplemented with 30% serum was used. Biofilms were harvested at 2 and 4 weeks. DNA of dead cells was blocked for amplification by propidium monoazide treatment. Composition was analyzed using 16S rRNA gene amplicon pyrosequencing. Similarities between the biofilm samples were assessed by non-metric multidimensional scaling using the Bray-Curtis similarity index and similarity percentage analysis. Data from duplicate experiments, different biofilm sources and different biofilm age were compared.
Results: The non-metric multidimensional scaling revealed a strong clustering by the inoculum source, the donor and their periodontal status. Statistically significant differences were found between the sources of inoculum (P=.0001) and biofilm age (P=.0016). Furthermore, periodontitis biofilms (P) were distinct in composition from health-derived biofilms (H) by genera: Porphyromonas (P=19%; H=0%), Filifactor (P=10%; H=0%), Anaeroglobus (P=3%; H=0%), Phocaeicola (P=1.5%; H=0%), Parvimonas (P=19%; H=14%), Fusobacterium (P=2%; H=26%), Peptostreptococcus (P=20%; H=30%), Veillonella (P=7%; H=8%) and 57 other genera. Similarity distances (Bray-Curtis) (mean 0.73, SD 0.15) and the Shannon diversity index (mean 2, SD 0.2) revealed no differences between duplicate experiments (P=.121).
Conclusion: This biofilm model allows reproducible production of complex subgingival microbial communities.
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