- Sure I'm sure
- Prefrontal oscillations support metacognitive monitoring of decision-making
- The Journal of Neuroscience
- Volume | Issue number
- 37 | 4
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Psychology Research Institute (PsyRes)
Successful decision-making critically involves metacognitive processes such as monitoring and control of our decision process. Metacognition enables agents to adaptively modify on-going behavior and to determine what to do next in situations where external feedback is not (immediately) available. Despite the importance of metacognition for many aspects of life, little is known about how our metacognitive system operates or about what kind of information is used for metacognitive (second-order) judgments. In particular, it remains an open question whether metacognitive judgments are based on the same information as first-order decisions.Here, we investigated the relationship between metacognitive performance and first-order task performance by recording EEG signals while participants were asked to make a "diagnosis" after seeing a sample of fictitious patient data (a complex pattern of colored moving dots of different sizes). In order to assess metacognitive performance, participants provided an estimate about the quality of their diagnosis on each trial.Results demonstrate that the information that contributes to first-order decisions differs from the information that supports metacognitive judgments. Further, time frequency analyses of electroencephalographic signals reveal that metacognitive performance is specifically associated with prefrontal theta band activity. Together, our findings are in line with a hierarchical model of metacognition, and suggest a crucial role for prefrontal oscillations in metacognitive performance.
SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Monitoring and control of our decision process (metacognition) is a crucial aspect of adaptive decision-making. Crucially, metacognitive skills enable us to adjust on-going behavior and determine future decision-making when immediate feedback is not available.In the present study, we constructed a "diagnosis task" that allowed us to assess in what way first-order task performance and metacognition are related to each other. Results demonstrate that the contribution of sensory evidence (size, color and motion) differs between first- and second-order decision-making. Further, our results indicate that specifically metacognitive performance is orchestrated by means of prefrontal theta oscillations. Together, our findings point toward a hierarchical model of metacognition.
- go to publisher's site
- Copyright © 2016 the authors.
If you believe that digital publication of certain material infringes any of your rights or (privacy) interests, please let the Library know, stating your reasons. In case of a legitimate complaint, the Library will make the material inaccessible and/or remove it from the website. Please Ask the Library, or send a letter to: Library of the University of Amsterdam, Secretariat, Singel 425, 1012 WP Amsterdam, The Netherlands. You will be contacted as soon as possible.