- Research Review: The effectiveness of multidimensional family therapy in treating adolescents with multiple behavior problems
- A meta-analysis
- Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
- Volume | Issue number
- 58 | 5
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Review article
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
- Research Institute of Child Development and Education (RICDE)
Background: Multidimensional family therapy (MDFT) is a well-established treatment for adolescents showing both substance abuse and/or antisocial behavior.
Method: The effectiveness of MDFT in reducing adolescents’ substance abuse, delinquency, externalizing and internalizing psychopathology, and family malfunctioning was examined by means of a (three-level) meta-analysis, summarizing 61 effect sizes from 19 manuscripts (N = 1,488 participants).
Results: Compared with other therapies, the overall effect size of MDFT was significant, albeit small in magnitude (d = 0.24, p <.001), and similar across intervention outcome categories. Moderator analysis revealed that adolescents with high severity problems, including severe substance abuse and disruptive behavior disorder, benefited more from MDFT than adolescents with less severe conditions.
Conclusions: It can be concluded that MDFT is effective for adolescents with substance abuse, delinquency, and comorbid behavior problems. Subsequently, it is important to match specific characteristics of the adolescents, such as extent of impairment, with MDFT.
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