- Nanoscale magnetic atom chips for quantum simulation
- Award date
- 24 February 2017
- Number of pages
- Document type
- PhD thesis
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute (WZI)
This thesis consists of five chapters that describe the different things that I have done in the past few years which all concern my effort to create lattices of ultracold gaseous atoms at length-scales of approximately 100 nano-meters (a millionth of a decimeter, or 200 times smaller than the diameter of a human hair).
The reason why we make lattices of cold gaseous atoms is that they behave very quantum like, which is to say that they can, at the same time, behave both like particles and waves. A lot of outstanding problems in solid state physics, chemistry and computer science are related to this quantum behavior of large numbers of particles. Instead of thinking about electronic interactions, or studying materials directly, the approach for quantum simulation is to build a system that is similar to the complicated systems above but completely controllable by the experimental physicists in the laboratory. The main work of this thesis concerns a new machine in which we use very small magnets to control quantum-mechanical cold atoms in ways similar to that of electrons in a metallic lattice, or like quantum bits.
What is special in our research group is that we use little magnets to create lattice potentials to trap atoms. By shaping magnets we can create egg box like potentials, which we shape into various geometries. I have designed new lattice geometries and created them in the lab. By using electron beam lithography I was able to create lattices of only 200nm.
If you believe that digital publication of certain material infringes any of your rights or (privacy) interests, please let the Library know, stating your reasons. In case of a legitimate complaint, the Library will make the material inaccessible and/or remove it from the website. Please Ask the Library, or send a letter to: Library of the University of Amsterdam, Secretariat, Singel 425, 1012 WP Amsterdam, The Netherlands. You will be contacted as soon as possible.