- Water Microsolvation Can Switch the Binding Mode of Ni(II) with Small Peptides
- The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
- Volume | Issue number
- 8 | 12
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences (HIMS)
Ni(II) ions can be caged by surrounding peptide ligands in two basic binding patterns: the “iminol” (IM) binding pattern, where chelation occurs by deprotonated amide nitrogens, or the charge-solvated (CS) binding pattern, where chelation occurs by amide carbonyl oxygens. Gas-phase observation may clarify the factors affecting this choice in solution and in peptide and protein matrices. Infrared spectroscopic determination of gas-phase structures shows here how microsolvation by just one water molecule switches the balance of this choice from IM to CS for the Ni2+Gly3 complex, in contrast with the always-CS structure of the Ni2+Gly4 complex. Quantum-chemical calculations indicate that CS complexation is even more favored in the aqueous limit. Considering gas-phase conditions as comparable to low-pH solutions can reconcile this prediction with the common observation of IM-type binding in solutions at higher pH. This is likely the first gas-phase observation of solvation-induced IM-to-CS transition in oligopeptide complexes with doubly charged transition-metal ions.
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