B. van den Bosch
- Non-Kinetic Capabilities and the Threshold of Attack in the Law of Armed Conflict
- Book title
- Netherlands Annual Review of Military Studies 2017
- Book subtitle
- Winning Without Killing: The Strategic and Operational Utility of Non-Kinetic Capabilities in Crises
- Pages (from-to)
- The Hague: Asser Press
- ISBN (electronic)
- NL ARMS: 1387-8050
- Document type
- Faculty of Law (FdR)
- Amsterdam Center for International Law (ACIL)
In this chapter it is argued that within the framework of the Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC), attack and kinetic operations can be used as equivalents where military operations that do not constitute attacks have a large overlap with non-kinetic operations. These topics present more than just a linguistic exercise because many (restrictive) rules in LOAC are constructed around the definition of ‘attack’, placing fewer restrictions on other military operations. Traditionally, the qualification of attack is determined by the (intended) physical consequences of a military operation. If it does not (intend to) result in physical consequences, it is not defined as attack. If this approach is applied to non-kinetic military capabilities, especially in cyberspace with its non-physical components, the question is raised whether the traditional physical consequences are still valid criteria for determining whether or not a military operation qualifies as attack.
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