- Plant Enhancers: A Call for Discovery
- Trends in Plant Science
- Volume | Issue number
- 21 | 11
- Pages (from-to)
- Number of pages
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences (SILS)
Informatics Institute (IVI)
Higher eukaryotes typically contain many different cell types, displaying different cellular functions that are influenced by biotic and abiotic cues. The different functions are characterized by specific gene expression patterns mediated by regulatory sequences such as transcriptional enhancers. Recent genome-wide approaches have identified thousands of enhancers in animals, reviving interest in enhancers in gene regulation. Although the regulatory roles of plant enhancers are as crucial as those in animals, genome-wide approaches have only very recently been applied to plants. Here we review characteristics of enhancers at the DNA and chromatin level in plants and other species, their similarities and differences, and techniques widely used for genome-wide discovery of enhancers in animal systems that can be implemented in plants.
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