- Quantum Levy Flights and Multifractality of Dipolar Excitations in a Random System
- Physical Review Letters
- Volume | Issue number
- 117 | 2
- Article number
- Number of pages
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Institute of Physics (IoP)
Institute for High Energy Physics (IHEF)
We consider dipolar excitations propagating via dipole-induced exchange among immobile molecules randomly spaced in a lattice. The character of the propagation is determined by long-range hops (Levy flights). We analyze the eigenenergy spectra and the multifractal structure of the wave functions. In 1D and 2D, all states are localized, although in 2D the localization length can be extremely large leading to an effective localization-delocalization crossover in realistic systems. In 3D, all eigenstates are extended but not always ergodic, and we identify the energy intervals of ergodic and nonergodic states. The reduction of the lattice filling induces an ergodic to nonergodic transition, and the excitations are mostly nonergodic at low filling.
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