- Dependence of nonlinear elasticity on filler size in composite polymer systems
- Rheologica Acta
- Volume | Issue number
- 56 | 6
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute (WZI)
Institute of Physics (IoP)
Nanosized filler particles enhance the mechanical properties of polymer composites in a size-dependent fashion. This is puzzling, because classical elasticity is inherently scale-free, and models for the elasticity of composite systems never predict a filler-size dependence. Here, we study the industrially important system of silica-filled rubbers, together with a well-characterized model-filled crosslinked gel and show that at high filler content both the linear and nonlinear elastic properties of these systems exhibit a unique scaling proportional to the cube of the volume fraction divided by the particle size. This remarkable behavior makes it possible to predict the full mechanical response of particle-filled rubbers for small but finite deformations based solely on the rheology of the matrix and the size and modulus of the filler particles.
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