A. van Schagen
J. van den Bout
- Nightmare Disorder, Psychopathology Levels, and Coping in a Diverse Psychiatric Sample
- Journal of clinical psychology
- Volume | Issue number
- 73 | 1
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
Amsterdam University College (AUC)
- Psychology Research Institute (PsyRes)
Objective: Nightmares are associated with psychopathology and impaired coping in the general population. However, little is known about this association in a psychiatric population. In this study, we investigate whether patients with diverse psychiatric disorders have increased symptomatology and different coping styles if they suffer from comorbid nightmare disorder. Method: Participants were 498 patients with diverse moderate to severe psychiatric disorders. As part of a standard assessment procedure, they filled out questionnaires regarding nightmares, psychopathology, personality pathology, and coping. Results: A multivariate analysis of covariance and post hoc tests showed that patients with nightmare disorder scored higher on psychopathology (ηp 2 =.03; p =.001) and personality pathology (ηp 2 =.01–.03; p <.05). No significant differences were found with regards to coping strategies. Conclusion: Nightmare disorder is associated with higher levels of psychopathology and personality pathology in a sample of patients with diverse psychiatric disorders.
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